IR35: The Impact on Small Businesses and How to Stay Prepared


In the landscape of global business, a new term has emerged on the horizon: IR35. If you manage a US business venturing into contracts with UK citizens, you will soon discover that IR35 is more than just a combination of letters and numbers.

In this blog, we will guide you through the intricacies of an IR35 contract review and its potential implications for your operations and provide actionable steps to ensure you are well-prepared for any regulatory changes that might come your way.

Understanding the basics of IR35 

Understanding the basics of IR35

At its core, IR35 refers to the UK rules that are designed to determine the tax status of contractors. It's like a backstage pass to the world of contractor-employee classification. For US businesses engaging with UK citizens remotely, the relevance of IR35 extends beyond borders.

It could shape how you work with overseas talent and manage tax payments.

IR35 and UK contractors 

When it comes to UK contractors, IR35 isn't just a distant concept. It's a decisive factor in how you handle taxes and National Insurance contributions. Assessing whether your contractors are "inside" or "outside" the scope of IR35 is pivotal.

This dictates whether they are viewed as employees or independent contractors in the eyes of the taxman.

Drawing parallels with the US regulations 

To date, the US doesn't have an IR35 equivalent. Nevertheless, discussions about curbing tax avoidance resonate on American soil too. Being ahead of the curve means you will be ready to adapt if similar regulations surface in the US.

Impact on US businesses 

IR35 has ripples that stretch across the pond. In the UK, businesses juggle compliance, finances, and hiring practices to fall in line with IR35. As a US business engaging UK citizens remotely, you need to envision the additional layer of complexity this could introduce to your operations.

Key tips for US businesses 

Stay informed – not just about your industry but also about the potential impacts of IR35. Educate yourself and your team to grasp the implications. An accurate assessment of your contractors' status is a cornerstone of your operations. 

It can determine your tax obligations. By seeking guidance from legal and tax experts, you will be able to navigate the nuances.

Preparing for potential changes 

Proactivity is your greatest ally. Educate your HR and finance teams about IR35 to foster a culture of compliance. Review your contractor agreements – make sure they reflect the reality of the working relationship. Technological tools can simplify the process of tracking payments and taxes.

Communication and collaboration 


In the realm of remote contracting, communication is your bridge. Discuss contract details openly with your UK contractors to ensure everyone understands the rules of the game. Collaboration is equally vital – engage your HR, legal, and finance teams to craft a comprehensive compliance strategy.

Exploring remote work alternatives 

The landscape of work is evolving, and remote work alternatives are flourishing. Freelancing and alternative engagement models offer flexibility. While they don't directly address IR35, they present options that could suit your business model.

How to comply with IR35

Complying with the IR35 regulations in the UK involves assessing the employment status of contractors and freelancers to determine whether they fall "inside" or "outside" the scope of the IR35 classifications.

While the US doesn't currently have similar regulations, understanding these steps can help US businesses prepare for potential future changes in labor laws

How to comply with IR35

Here's a detailed guide on how US businesses can approach compliance with IR35:

Step 1.: Education and awareness

Stay informed about the concept of IR35 and its implications. Even if similar regulations are not yet currently in place in the US, understanding IR35 can help you anticipate potential changes and take preemptive action.

Step 2.: Review contractor relationships

Regularly review your existing contractor relationships so you can determine their employment status accurately. Focus on the nature of the working relationship, including control, substitution, and mutuality of obligation.

Step 3.: Understand the "inside" and "outside" of IR35

Inside IR35: If a contractor is deemed to be inside IR35, their work arrangement is similar to that of an employee, and you will need to deduct taxes and National Insurance contributions.

Outside IR35: Contractors in this category have a genuine business-to-business relationship and tax obligations are the contractor's responsibility.

Step 4.: Engage with legal and HR professionals

Collaborate with legal and HR experts to assess and classify contractor roles accurately. This step is vital if you want to avoid the risk of misclassification disputes and financial penalties.

Step 5.: Review and revise contracts

Ensure that contracts accurately reflect the working relationship. Contracts should emphasize the contractor's autonomy, the absence of employment benefits, and the right to substitute if necessary.

Step 6.: Transparent communication

Maintain clear communication with contractors about their classification and the reasons behind it. Transparency can prevent misunderstandings and disputes down the line.

Step 7.: Maintain accurate records

Record-keeping is crucial. Maintain records of contracts, communication, and any assessments you have made regarding contractor status. These records can be invaluable in demonstrating compliance.

Step 8.: Invest in accounting and payroll systems

Implement robust accounting and payroll systems to track contractor payments and deductions accurately. This will ensure that taxes and National Insurance contributions are paid in accordance with the regulations for contractors falling inside the scope of IR35.

Step 9.: Collaboration between teams 

Encourage collaboration between your legal, HR, and accounting teams. This multidisciplinary approach can lead to more effective compliance strategies and ensure consistent practices across the organization.

Step 10.: Review and adapt

Stay proactive in reviewing your contractor relationships and keep up to date with any changes in labor regulations. If similar regulations to IR35 are introduced in the US, be ready to adapt your processes accordingly.

Step 11.: Explore alternative hiring models

Consider diversifying your hiring methods by exploring alternative models, such as engaging freelancers through established platforms. While this won't directly address IR35 compliance, it can offer flexibility and expertise in a different context.

Remember that while these steps align with IR35 compliance, they are also designed to foster best practices in contractor management. Being proactive in understanding contractor relationships and labor regulations can help you navigate potential changes smoothly. 

Always consult with legal and HR professionals to ensure that you are operating in accordance with the local regulations and laws.

What are the benefits of an IR35 review?

What are the benefits of an IR35 review

An IR35 review, when conducted properly, offers several benefits to contractors and businesses operating in the United Kingdom. 

These benefits include:

  1. Clarity on tax status:

The primary benefit of an IR35 review is that it provides clarity on your tax status. It helps you determine whether you are inside or outside of IR35. If you are found to be outside IR35, you can continue to enjoy the tax advantages of operating as a genuine contractor.

  1. Tax efficiency: 

Contractors found to be outside IR35 are typically subject to more favorable tax treatment. They can take advantage of tax efficiencies, such as claiming business expenses and paying themselves a combination of salary and dividends, which can result in lower overall tax liabilities.

  1. Legal compliance: 

Ensuring that your working arrangements are compliant with IR35 regulations helps you avoid legal issues and potential penalties. Non-compliance can lead to backdated tax liabilities, interest charges, and penalties from HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC).

  1. Competitive advantage: 

Having a clear IR35 status can be a competitive advantage when seeking contracts or clients. It demonstrates your commitment to compliance and professionalism, making you an attractive option for businesses looking to engage contractors.

  1. Risk mitigation: 

An IR35 review helps identify any potential risks related to your contracting arrangements. If you are found to be inside IR35, you can take steps to mitigate these risks, such as renegotiating your contract or altering your working practices.

  1. Appeal process: 

If you disagree with a Status Determination Statement (SDS) provided by a client, an IR35 review can help you navigate the appeal process. This can be important in cases where you believe the client has misclassified your status.

  1. Financial planning: 

Understanding your IR35 status allows you to plan your finances more effectively. You can make informed decisions about how to structure your income, set aside funds for taxes, and manage your finances in a tax-efficient manner.

  1. Peace of mind: 

Knowing that you have taken the necessary steps to assess and address your IR35 status can provide peace of mind. It reduces uncertainty and the potential for future tax-related issues.

  1. Professional guidance: 

An IR35 review often involves consultation with experts, such as tax specialists or IR35 consultants. These professionals can offer guidance and advice on how to structure your contracts and working practices to maximize tax efficiency while remaining compliant with the law.

  1.  Client relationships: 

Engaging in an IR35 review process can strengthen your relationship with clients. It demonstrates your commitment to compliance and can lead to more transparent and constructive discussions about working arrangements.

An IR35 review offers clarity, tax efficiency, legal compliance, and various other advantages for contractors. It is a proactive step to ensure that your contracting business operates smoothly and within the bounds of UK tax law. 

However, it's important to approach the review process with diligence and seek professional advice when needed to make informed decisions about your IR35 status.


Beyond traditional approaches, exploring alternative hiring models can be beneficial. Engaging freelancers through established platforms offers flexibility and expertise without the complexities of IR35. However, challenges such as maintaining consistent work quality and communication may arise. 

Remember these takeaways for IR35: stay informed, assess contractor status, collaborate with professionals, and communicate transparently. Furthermore, be ready to embrace change and navigate regulatory shifts with confidence.

{"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}