Indicators That Add Clarity To Your Trading Chart


When trading financial instruments, it might feel like deciphering an ancient script. Without the right tools, trading can quickly become frustrating and overwhelming, which can lead to clouded judgment and poor decision-making. Indicators can take complex price data and present it in a more clear and visually appealing manner.

Simplicity is key when it comes to profitable trading, and popular technical indicators can guide traders through the complexities of financial trading and make their lives much easier. Let’s discuss some of the most widely used indicators such as RSI, MAC, Bollinger bands, and volume. 

But what are trading indicators?

The basic explanation for technical indicators is as follows: trading indicators are mathematical formulas that are calculated and plotted on trading charts, primarily designed to help traders detect current trends. Indicators fall into several popular categories: trend indicators, volume indicators, and momentum indicators.

But what are trading indicators?

Trend indicators such as moving averages show the direction of market movement. Other popular and useful trend indicators include fractals. We won’t cover fractals in detail. This guide to fractal indicators will teach all the necessary concepts of this useful indicator to amplify your profit potential. 

Momentum indicators such as RSI and MACD indicate the speed of price change. Volume indicators, on the other hand, measure trading volume to confirm trends. There are also volatility indicators that depict the stability of price fluctuations. The most popular volatility indicator is Bollinger bands. 

Indicators are crucial for traders who are using technical analysis as a primary market analysis tool. Indicators can help traders detect potential trading opportunities, anticipate market trends, and minimize their training risks. By using these tools, traders can back their trading decisions with analytical evidence rather than just gut feeling. 

Can you predict the future using technical indicators?

Traders should always try to use indicators to understand the current market sentiment and react to it as fast as possible. The key here is to use indicators for understanding the current market sentiment and direction, as it is almost impossible to predict the future. The first mistake traders make is to use indicators in trying to predict the future, which invariably leads to failure and frustration.

Key indicators that can enhance chart clarity

Let’s list and describe some of the most popular and useful indicators:

Moving averages

Moving averages
  • Description: Moving averages smooth out price data over a specific period and make it super easy to identify the current trends. 
  • Application: Can be applied directly to price charts, they show ongoing trends by averaging past prices.
  • Examples: If the price is below the moving average, then bears are controlling the price, while the opposite is true when the price is above the moving average.

Relative strength index (RSI)

Relative Strength Index (RSI)
  • Description: The RSI measures the magnitude of recent price changes and can detect when the price is overbought or oversold. 
  • Application: RSI oscillates between 0 and 100. If the RSI line is above 70 it indicates overbought, and if it is below 30 then the price is oversold. 
  • Examples: The RSI is widely used to measure the strength of current trends and potentially detect reversal points. The RSI is often combined with other indicators to increase accuracy.

MACD (Moving average convergence divergence)

MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence)
  • Description: MACD is tracking the relationship between two moving averages of an asset’s price.
  • Application: MACD consists of a MACD line, signal line, and histogram illustrating the shift of momentum. 
  • Examples: When the MACD line crosses above the signal line it indicates bullish sentiment (bullish crossover) and when the opposite happens bears are more powerful (bearish crossover).

Bollinger bands

Bollinger Bands
  • Description: Bollinger bands measure volatility and provide relative definitions of high and low prices with upper and lower bands. 
  • Application: When volatility increases the bands widen and during lower volatility bands become narrow. 
  • Examples: Prices continually touching the upper band indicate a strong uptrend, while touching the lower band suggests a downtrend.

Volume indicators

Volume Indicators
  • Description: Volume assesses the strength of a trend based on trading volume.
  • Application: volume confirms the strength of price movement. For example, an uptrend with increasing volume is considered strong and likely to continue.
  • Examples: A quick volume surge accompanying a price breakout from a trend line or resistance level indicates a storing uptrend possibility and vice versa.
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