What Are The Different Types Of Electricians? 8 Career Options


Are you fascinated by the world of electricity and eager to embark on a fulfilling career? Becoming an electrician opens up a multitude of opportunities in the construction industry.

From residential installations to industrial maintenance, electricians play a vital role in ensuring electrical systems' safe and reliable operation.

This comprehensive guide will explore different career paths available to aspiring electricians, providing valuable insights, requirements, and opportunities to help you make an informed decision.

Residential/domestic electrician

Becoming a residential electrician is a popular career path for those starting out in the electrical trade. This line of work involves specializing in installing, repairing, and maintaining electrical systems in residential homes

domestic electrician

These systems include air conditioning units, security systems, and household appliances, among other things.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment of electricians is expected to grow by 8% from 2020 to 2030, which is faster than the average for all occupations.

This growth is due to an increase in construction of both residential and commercial buildings, as well as the need to upgrade and maintain existing electrical systems. As such, there is expected to be a steady demand for residential electricians in the coming years.

Key points

  • Install and maintain electrical systems in domestic settings.
  • Specialize in household appliances, security systems, and air conditioning units.
  • Apprenticeship and formal classroom instruction are required.

Commercial electrician

If you're looking for a career that offers more complex and diverse challenges in the electrical field, becoming a commercial electrician might be the perfect fit for you

Commercial electricians specialize in working on larger-scale projects in buildings such as offices, schools, malls, and other commercial establishments.

They work closely with architects, engineers, and contractors to ensure that the electrical systems are integrated seamlessly into the overall design and construction plans.

This aspect of the job makes it ideal for individuals who are interested in the design and planning aspects of electrical installations. You can even consider an electrical engineering program that can further enhance your skills and open up additional opportunities in this dynamic field, making you well-equipped to tackle intricate challenges in the commercial electrical sector.

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the demand for electricians, including commercial electricians, is projected to grow by 8% from 2020 to 2030.

With this positive job outlook, aspiring commercial electricians can expect favorable employment opportunities in the industry.

Key points

  • Install, maintain, and repair electrical components in commercial buildings.
  • Collaborate with professionals during construction projects.
  • Requires apprenticeship training in commercial setups.

Industrial electrician

Industrial environments present unique challenges and require specialized knowledge and experience due to the complexity of the equipment involved. Industrial electricians work with high-voltage systems, heavy machinery, and intricate control systems

They are well-versed in understanding electrical diagrams, schematics, and technical specifications specific to industrial equipment.

In industrial settings, safety is of paramount importance. Industrial electricians must adhere to strict safety protocols and regulations to ensure the well-being of themselves and those around them.

They are responsible for conducting regular inspections, identifying potential hazards, and implementing preventive measures to maintain a safe working environment.

Industrial electricians are trained to handle emergency situations, troubleshoot electrical problems efficiently, and carry out repairs promptly to minimize downtime in industrial operations.

The demand for industrial electricians remains steady, driven by the need for reliable and efficient electrical systems in industrial facilities.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts a 4% growth in employment for electricians, including industrial electricians, from 2020 to 2030. 

Key points

  • Install and repair electrical systems in industrial facilities.
  • Work with complex machinery and equipment.
  • Gain experience through apprenticeship training.

Maintenance electrician

When electrical problems arise, maintenance electricians utilize their troubleshooting skills to diagnose the root cause of the issue. They employ various tools and techniques to identify faults, test electrical circuits, and determine the most effective solution.

maintenance electrician

Whether it's a faulty wiring connection, a malfunctioning switch, or a defective electrical device, maintenance electricians are adept at pinpointing the problem and implementing appropriate repairs.

Repairing or replacing electrical equipment is another critical aspect of a maintenance electrician's role. They possess the knowledge and skills to fix or replace faulty components, ensuring that electrical systems are restored to their optimal functionality.

This may involve rewiring circuits, replacing damaged outlets or switches, or installing new electrical equipment. 

The role of maintenance electricians is diverse, as they can work across residential, commercial, and industrial sectors

In an ever-evolving technological landscape, the role of maintenance electricians is becoming increasingly important. As new technologies emerge and electrical systems become more sophisticated, the expertise of maintenance electricians is in high demand. 

Key points

  • Review, troubleshoot, and maintain electrical systems.
  • Repair and replace electrical equipment.
  • A formal apprenticeship and electrician license is required.

Installation electrician

If you're an aspiring electrician who enjoys working on a variety of projects and wants a dynamic career, specializing as an installation electrician might be the perfect fit for you. 

Installation electricians are versatile professionals who work in residential, commercial, and industrial settings, where they are responsible for installing various electrical systems.

This career path offers exciting opportunities to contribute to the creation of functional and safe electrical setups in different environments.

Installation electricians must have a thorough understanding of national and local electrical codes and regulations specific to the jurisdiction they are working in.

By adhering to these standards, they can ensure the safety of the electrical systems they install and mitigate potential risks.

Working on new construction projects is a common aspect of the installation electrician's job. In collaboration with construction teams, architects, and engineers, installation electricians contribute to the early stages of a building's development. 

Key points

  • Install lighting, power systems, security systems, and fire alarm systems.
  • Work in residential, commercial, and industrial settings.
  • Requires knowledge of electrical regulations and safety standards.

Automotive electrician

As an automotive electrician, you will work extensively with the electrical components of vehicles, including wiring systems, lighting, ignition systems, fuel injection systems, anti-theft systems, heating and air conditioning systems, and more. 

Automotive electrician

You will be responsible for installing, maintaining, and repairing these electrical systems to ensure that they operate smoothly and reliably.

Once the problem has been identified, automotive electricians employ their expertise to resolve the issue. This may involve repairing or replacing faulty electrical components, rewiring circuits, or recalibrating systems to restore proper functionality.

Attention to detail, precision, and adherence to safety protocols are vital in performing these tasks effectively.

Automotive electricians also play a crucial role in the installation and integration of electrical systems in vehicles. With the advancement of technology, modern vehicles are equipped with sophisticated electrical features and systems.

As an automotive electrician, you will need to stay updated on the latest advancements in automotive electrical technology and be familiar with various vehicle makes and models. 

This knowledge enables you to install and integrate electrical components seamlessly, ensuring compatibility and optimal performance.

Key points

  • Specialize in electrical systems of vehicles.
  • Diagnose and repair wiring, lighting, and ignition systems.
  • Proficiency in vehicle diagnostics is required.

Solar panel electrician

With the growing demand for renewable energy, solar panel electricians are at the forefront of a greener future. As a solar panel electrician, you'll install, maintain, and repair solar panels in residential, commercial, and industrial sectors

This career path involves identifying optimal locations for solar panel installations and connecting panels to electrical devices through wiring.

Solar panel electricians utilize their expertise to identify areas that receive ample sunlight throughout the day, taking into account factors such as shading, roof orientation, and structural considerations. 

By selecting the right location, solar panels can generate optimal energy output.

The role of solar panel electricians extends beyond individual installations. They actively contribute to the transition towards a sustainable future by promoting the adoption of solar energy.

By educating clients and the general public about the benefits of solar power, including cost savings and environmental impact reduction, solar panel electricians play a crucial role in increasing awareness and driving the demand for renewable energy solutions.

Key points

  • Install, maintain, and repair solar panels.
  • Work in residential, commercial, and industrial sectors.
  • Focus on renewable energy solutions.

Wind turbine electrician

Aspiring electricians with a sense of adventure and a passion for renewable energy can explore a career as a wind turbine electrician. This unique path involves assembling, maintaining, repairing, and replacing wind turbines. 

Wind turbine electrician

Wind turbine electricians meticulously follow engineering plans and safety protocols to ensure the proper assembly of components, such as the tower, rotor blades, nacelle, and hub. 

Attention to detail and adherence to strict quality standards are essential to guarantee the stability and reliability of the entire wind turbine system.

The role of wind turbine electricians also encompasses the installation of wiring systems and connecting them to electrical devices in industrial, commercial, and residential areas.

This includes the integration of wind turbine systems into the existing electrical infrastructure, enabling the transmission of clean energy to power various applications.

By harnessing the power of the wind, wind turbine electricians help reduce reliance on fossil fuels, mitigate climate change, and create a greener planet for future generations.

Key points

  • Assemble, maintain, and repair wind turbines.
  • Install wiring systems and connect to electrical devices.
  • Work at heights in industrial, commercial, and residential areas.

Stages to become an electrician

Embarking on a career as an electrician involves a progression through different stages. Each stage builds upon the previous one, providing you with the necessary skills and experience to excel in the field.

Apprentice electrician

The initial stage in becoming an electrician is working as an apprentice. You'll need a high school education and an apprenticeship license to qualify as an apprentice. 

During this phase, you'll work under the supervision of journeymen or master electricians, gaining practical experience while attending informative classroom instruction.

The apprenticeship program, such as the one IEC - Independent Electrical Contractors offers, typically spans four years and provides a solid foundation for your career.

Journeyman electrician

You can advance to the journeyman level after completing your apprenticeship program. To become a journeyman electrician, you'll need to pass a test administered by your local or federal governing body.

Obtaining a license is a requirement for all journeymen in the electrical field. As a journeyman, you can independently work on more complex projects, applying your training and experience to deliver high-quality electrical work.

Master electrician

The pinnacle of an electrician's career is becoming a master electrician. Most states require several years of experience as a journeyman, typically totaling a few thousand hours, before you can pursue this advanced stage.

To become a master electrician, you must complete a state-approved electrician certification program and pass a licensing exam.

As a master electrician, you possess extensive experience and knowledge, allowing you to undertake the most intricate and challenging electrical projects. Additionally, you'll be able to train and supervise apprentices and journeymen, further contributing to the industry's growth.

The types of electricians and how much they make

When it comes to pursuing a career as an electrician, it's natural to consider the earning potential associated with each specialization.

While salaries can vary based on factors such as location, experience, and qualifications, we have provided you with an overview of the average earnings for different types of electricians in the United States.

It's important to note that these figures are based on current data and are subject to change.

  • Residential/Domestic Electrician: As a residential electrician, you can expect to earn an average annual salary ranging from $40,000 to $70,000, depending on your experience and location. 
  • Commercial Electrician: Commercial electricians typically earn slightly higher salaries than their residential counterparts. On average, commercial electricians in the United States earn between $45,000 and $80,000 per year. 
  • Industrial Electrician: Industrial electricians, who work in power plants, chemical plants, factories, and mines, often deal with more complex and specialized electrical systems. Consequently, their earning potential reflects this expertise. Industrial electricians in the United States can earn an average annual salary ranging from $50,000 to $90,000.
  • Maintenance Electrician: The role of a maintenance electrician is crucial in ensuring the ongoing functionality and safety of electrical systems. In recognition of their skills and responsibilities, maintenance electricians tend to earn competitive salaries. The average annual salary for maintenance electricians in the United States falls between $45,000 and $75,000, depending on experience and location.
  • Installation Electrician: As installation electricians work in various settings, including residential, commercial, and industrial, their earnings can vary. On average, installation electricians in the United States earn between $40,000 and $75,000 per year. 
  • Automotive Electrician: Automotive electricians who specialize in electrical systems for vehicles can earn salaries that range from $30,000 to $60,000 per year. It's worth noting that salaries in this field can be influenced by factors such as the type of vehicles worked on.
  • Solar Panel Electrician: With the growing demand for solar energy, the role of a solar panel electrician has become increasingly important. In the United States, solar panel electricians can earn an average annual salary ranging from $45,000 to $80,000.
  • Wind Turbine Electrician: The unique and specialized nature of working with wind turbines can lead to competitive salaries for wind turbine electricians. On average, wind turbine electricians in the United States earn between $50,000 and $90,000 per year. The earning potential can increase with additional certifications, experience, and working on larger wind energy projects.

It's essential to remember that these salary ranges are approximate and can vary based on various factors.

Factors such as additional certifications, specialization in specific areas, geographical location, union membership, and years of experience can all influence an electrician's earning potential.

When considering a career path as an electrician, it's crucial to weigh the salary potential against your personal interests, aptitude, and long-term goals

Exploring different specialties within the electrical trade can help you find the right fit that aligns with both your passion and financial aspirations.

Find the best career path for you

Choosing a career path as an electrician is an exciting journey filled with opportunities for growth and personal fulfillment.

Whether you aspire to work in residential settings, tackle complex industrial systems, or explore renewable energy solutions, the electrical industry offers diverse avenues to explore.

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